22 Jul 2019

The Last Lesson class 12 NCERT solutions

The Last Lesson class 12 NCERT solutions

The last lesson class 12 ncert solutions

The Last Lesson class 12 NCERT solutions : The last Lesson is the chapter No one from the class 12 NCERT English textbook Flamingo. The Last Lesson is written by Alphonse Daudet a French novelist. Here in this post you'll get The last lesson class 12 ncert solutions. 

The last lesson

The story The Last Lesson is set in the backdrop of the Franco - Prussian war in 1870. France was defeated by Prussia which was led by Bismarck. Prussia then consisted of what now are the nations of Germany, Poland and Parts of Austria. 



The Last Lesson class12 questions answers

Here, In this post you will get read about some important points from the chapter The last lesson... 

• The Last Lesson theme 
• About the Author 
• Summary of The Last Lesson 
• The Last Lesson explanation 
• Textbook questions answers 
• Short questions answers 
• Extra questions answers 
• Additional questions answers 
• Important questions answers 
• Long questions answers


The last lesson theme

The incident, in the story The last lesson had taken place in Alsace, a border district of France. The German authorities issued an order to introduce German Language as the only official language and medium of instruction in all educational institutions.


Alphonse Daudet about the author

Alphonse Daudet was born on 13 May 1840 in Nimes, France. He belonged to a French middle class family. His father, Vincent Daudet, a silk manufacturer. Alphonse Daudet had a depressing boyhood. In 1856 he left lyon and began life as a school teacher at Ales, Gard, South France . On 1 November 1857 he abandoned teaching and took to writing. His poems were collected into a small volume, Les Amoureuses in 1858. He died in Paris on 16 December 1897.


The Last Lesson summary in English / The last lesson class 12 summary

Main Charracter: Narrator:- Little Franz
                               Teacher Monsier Hamel
                                Blacksmith Watcher

The story "the last lesson" is set in the backdrop of the Franco-Prussian war in 1870. France was defeated by Prussia which was led by Bismarck. Prussia the consisted of what now are the nations of Germany, Poland and parts of Austria.
       
The incident,in the story, had taken place in Alsace, a border district of France. The German authorities issued an order to introduce German language as the only officially recognised language of these districts and henceforth it would be the medium of instruction in all educational institutions.

The story relates the pathetic condition of the French school master who has been asked to leave the place where he had spent forty years of his life. It also brings out the remorse of the village people on never having given due importance to learn their mother tongue.

The entire story is a first person narrative by an inhabitant of the village Alsace, recounting a particular day when he was just a school going child. The initial shock on hearing the news and his regret on whiling away his precious time in fruitless occupation, is beautifully portrayed in this simple, poignant narration which is very aptly titled "The last lesson".


The last lesson summary in Hindi

कहानी " The last lesson" फ्रेंको-प्रशिया युद्ध की पृष्ठभूमि में 1870 में स्थापित की गई है। फ्रांस को प्रशिया ने हराया था जिसका नेतृत्व बिस्मार्क ने किया था।  प्रशिया में जर्मनी, पोलैंड और ऑस्ट्रिया के कुछ हिस्से शामिल हैं।
        
कहानी में, घटना फ्रांस के सीमावर्ती जिले अलसैस में हुई थी।  जर्मन अधिकारियों ने जर्मन भाषा को इन जिलों की आधिकारिक रूप से मान्यता प्राप्त भाषा के रूप में पेश करने का आदेश जारी किया और इसके बाद यह सभी शैक्षणिक संस्थानों में शिक्षा का माध्यम होगा।

कहानी फ्रांसीसी स्कूल मास्टर की दयनीय स्थिति से संबंधित है, जिसे उस जगह को छोड़ने के लिए कहा गया है जहां उसने अपने जीवन के चालीस साल बिताए थे।  यह अपनी मातृभाषा सीखने के लिए गाँव के लोगों के पछतावे को कभी भी महत्व नहीं देता है।

पूरी कहानी एक पहले व्यक्ति की कहानी है, जो गांव एलेस के एक निवासी द्वारा एक विशेष दिन की पुनरावृत्ति करता है, जब वह सिर्फ एक स्कूल जाने वाला बच्चा था।  खबरों को सुनने पर शुरुआती आघात और फल-विहीन व्यवसाय में अपने कीमती समय को दूर करने पर अफसोस जताते हुए, इस सरल, मार्मिक वर्णन में बहुत ही खूबसूरती से चित्रित किया गया है, जिसे "The last lesson" कहा जाता है।


The Last Lesson explanation

Paragraph 1 & 2

I started for school very late.............. 
...... what can be the matter now ? 

Explanation : The narrator, a small school going child named Franz, was very much late for school on that particular day and was terribly scared that his teacher would scold him. He had half mind of escaping school and spend the day playing outside. The crisp weather with the chirping of birds and an interesting sight of the Prussian soldiers taking their morning exercise lured him, but he proved determined to resist the temptation and hurried towards the school.

On his way, he saw a crowd in front of the notice board outside the town hall. Since the beginning of the war, they had been receiving all kinds of disheartening news like the battles being lost in different fronts, and also the list of names of young village boys to be enlisted in the army. Soldiers were dying every day, so the needed to recruit a lot of young men into the army. Thus he wondered what could be the news that drew such a crowd towards the board.


Paragraph 3 & 4

Then, as I hurried by as fast................ 
...M.Hamel's little garden all out of breath. 

Explanation : As he was rushing to school, he heard someone call him from behind. It was the village blacksmith, Watcher, who was there along with his assistant reading the notice on the board.

The blacksmith, having read and understood the implication of the notice, informed Franz that there wasn't any need to hurry to school anymore. The little boy was taken aback by the comment but believed that Watcher was ridiculing him for being so late. Thus, he walked his way to reach school, totally exhausted and out of breath.


Paragraph 5 & 6

Usually, when the school began.............. 
.... we were beginning without you. 

Explanation : Normally, there would be so much noise around the school that it could be heard from the street. It would arise out of the desks being opened and closed with a bang, the lessons repeated by the students, all at the same time and at the top of their voices, and added to it wss the teacher's ruler rapping on the table to quite the class. But, when Franz arrived at the school compound that day, he was greated by unusual silence. He had been depending on the chaotic atmosphere of his class room to quitely enter without being noticed by the teacher.
     
But the situation was quite the contrary.He peeped in through the window of the classroom and saw his classmates were already seated and their teacher M.Hamel walking up and down the class room.He had no other option but to enter the classroom in front of his teacher then he became red-faced from fear and embarrassment.

However, to his surprise, the teacher did not react the way Franz had expected him to.Very gently and in a kind manner the teacher allowed him to go to his seat as the lesson had already begun.


Paragraph 7, 8 & 9

I jumped over the bench........... 
...........put up at the town-hall. 

Explanation : Franz quickly went to his seat. Only when he was settled there, he noticed that M Hamel was specially attired in a beautiful green coat,frilled shirt and an embroidered black silk cap, the dress he used to worn for special occasions like the prize distribution days or school inspection days.
 
Another very strange thing that struck him was the unusual silence that prevailed in and around the school, along with a feeling that something grave and serious matter had happened there. But the most striking among all was the presence of the village elders, like the former mayor and the former postmaster and other elderly village people were sitting quitely as kids in the classroom. Their faces were gloomy and grief stricken look. Hauser another old man of the village, he even had an elementary school books open on his knees and reading the book wearing his great spectacles.

While Franz was lost in a reverie of thoughts, M.Hamel went up to his chair and made a shocking announcement. He declared that it was their last day of French learning in the school as an order had been issued from Berlin by the German authorities that only German language be recognised as the official and medium of teaching in all the schools of Alsace and Lorraine,These two district situated in the border of France.

These words came as a stunning blow to Franz (thunderclap) then he understood why he saw the crowd gathered in front of the bulletin board.


Paragraph 15

Then, from one thing to another....... 
......... our hands at one stroke. 

Explanation : Among several other things taught in class that day, M.Hamel also express his view on the beauty of the French language and the need to preserve it. French is rated as the clearest and most logical language and added that if people keep the language alive, they would stand united which, in turn, would help them fight for freedom. Despite it being the last day of French learning, M. Hamel carried on with the lessons according to the regular schedule. He started with grammar and little Franz was amazed at his sudden ability to understand whatever was being taught in the class.
   
That day the students were very attentive and M. Hamel was unusually patient. From the way he taught that day, it was evident that he wanted to give / put all the possible knowledge on French language in one single day.


Paragraph 16 & 17

After the grammar................. 
... leave the country the next day. 

Explanation : M. Hamel provided the children new copies on which France and Alsace were written in beautiful round and bold letters. They were placed in such a manner that they appeared like little flags waving in the classroom. It was indeed a sight to be seen where all the children quietly set to do their work in pin drop silence. Even the beetles flying and buzzing over their heads could not distract them, not even the youngest ones, who went on with their drawing as if that too was part of the language. Franz heard the soft cooing of pigeons on the roof and he thought to himself whether German language would be imposed on them too.

Franz saw M.Hamel sitting motionless and staring at each and every objects in an effort to capture the picture of the classroom in his mind in order to cherish it for the rest of his life. He had been in this school for the past forty years and it was indeed heart breaking for him to leave them all behind. His small garden ,the trees he had planted which have now climbed up to the roof of his house. He could hear his sister packing their things as they would leave the next day.


Paragraph 18 & 25

But he had the courage........ 
.............. you may go. 

Explanation : M. Hamel, however had the ability to bear the pain and continue with his lessons. They were given history lessons after writing and they were made to read the alphabets aloud. Old Hauser. Sitting right behind, started reading the alphabets along with them.The children found it very funny but, at the same time, felt a graveness in the situation which made them want to laugh and cry at the same time. The narrator, who is now a grown up man, relates the incident from childhood as he remembers every single detail of that last French lesson.

Suddenly, the church clock was heard striking at twelve and also the prayers at noon. The prussian soldiers marched back to their camp, blowing the trumpets. M. Hamel stood up,grave and silent, looking very pale and thin. He made an effort to address the students but his voice failed him. He, then took a piece of chalk, wrote on the board "Vive la France" meaning Long live France. Unable to restrain himself any longer, he leaned against the wall and gestured to all that they could depart.


The Last Lesson Textbook questions answers / The last lesson solutions

Page No 2

Q1. What was Franz expected to be prepared with for school that day ? 
Ans: For school that day Franz was expected to be prepared with the rules of participles by his teacher M Hamel.


Q2. What did Franz notice that unusual about the school that day ? 
Ans: Franz noticed that there was a great silence like the sunday morning. Normally there was a great bustle that could be heard out from the street. And the village elder people were also sitting at the back benches.

Or

The silence in the school was very unusual that day. The presence of the village elders was something that was noticed only on that day.


Q3. What had been put up on the bulletin board ? 
Ans: On the bulletin board there was a order from Berlin had been put up. It is said that only German language would be taught in the schools of Alsace and Lorraine.

Or

The order of imposition of German language was put up on the bulletin board.


• Page No 8

Q1.What changes did the order from Berlin cause in school that day ? 
Ans: The order from Berlin caused a great silence in the school that day. All were very upset, the village elder people were also present. It was their last lesson on their own language. M Hamel was in his special beautiful dress.

Or

The entire school wore a gloomy look, children were silent, village elders were present in the classroom and M Hamel was in his special dress.


Q2. How did Franz's feelings about M Hamel and school change ? 
Ans: Franz's feelings about the school and his teacher changed when he heard that it was the last day of French learning in school and the last day for M Hamel as well. He would never probably see his teacher M Hamel ever again.


• Page No 9

Q1.The people in this story suddenly realise how precious their language is to them. What shows you this ? Why does this happen ? 
Ans: The people in the story suddenly realise the importance of their language and this is evident in the events of the last day of French learning. There was a solemn silence in the school. The village elders who had never considered it important to know their language , were present in class making a last frantic effort to learn the basic alphabets.

This happended because in the Franco Prussian war France was defeated by Prussia. Alsace and Lorraine were the first two districts to bear the brunt of the attack. Berlin had imposed to teach only German language in the schools.


Q2. Franz thinks, “Will they make them sing in German, even the  pigeons ?” What could this mean ? 
Ans: When Franz heard the pigeons on the rooftop sweetly cooing, he was suddenly struck by apprehension that maybe the Germans would control over the birds too. Franz also thought the birds in France sing in French.


The Last Lesson class 12 short questions answers

Q1. Who is the author of the lesson 'The Last Lesson' ? 
Ans: The author of the Last Lesson is Alphonse Daudet?


Q2. What did M Hamel say that he would ask his students that morning ? 
Ans: M Hamel told his students that he would ask them questions on rules of participle.


Q3. What did Franz think for a moment ? 
Ans: For a moment Franz thought of running away and spending the day out of doors.


Q4. What is the name of the blacksmith ? 
Ans: The name of the blacksmith is Watcher .


Q5. What did Franz find so unusual at the school that morning ? 
Ans: Franz found that morning the school was as quite as a sunday morning.


Q6. How long did M Hamel teach in his school ?
Ans: M Hamel taught in his school for forty years faithfully.


Q7. What did M Hamel tell the students mounting his chair ? 
Ans: M Hamel told his students that was his last lesson on french lesson that he was going to teach.


Q8. What did M Hamel do when he wanted to go fishing ? 
Ans: When M Hamel wanted to go fishing  he gave his students a holiday.


Q9. What is the name of the river mentioned in the lesson ? 
Ans: The name of the river is Saar.


Q10. What tempted little Franz to stay out of the doors ? 
Ans: The prussian soldiers marching in the open field and birds a chirping at edge of the woods tempted Franz to stay out of the doors.


Q11. What did M Hamel want to give his students before going away ? 
Ans: M Hamel wanted to give his students all that he knew before he going away.


Q12. Why was the lesson called the Last Lesson ? 
Ans: The lesson was called the Last lesson because it was the lesson that M Hamel taught for the last time in that school.


Q13. What did M Hamel write on the black board at the end of the class ? 
Ans: At the end of the class M Hamel wrote Vive - la - France on the black board.


Q14. What is the meaning of Vive La France ? 
Ans: Vive la France means Long live France.


Q15. What was Franz expected to be prepared with for school that day ? 
Ans: Franz was expected to be prepared with the rules of participles for that day.


Q16. Why was there crowd infront of the bulletin board ? 
Ans: There was a crowd infront of the bulletin board because some notice had been put up on the board.


Q17. What did M Hamel mean through his gesture ? 
Ans: M Hamel meant through his gesture that School is dismissed.


Q18. What is thunderclap ? 
Ans: Thunderclap is a loud crash made by thunder.


Q19: What is angelus ? 
Ans: Angelus is a midday prayer sung by the catholic.


The Last Lesson class 12 extra questions answers

Q1. You can imagine how I blushed and how frightened I was ? Why did Little Franz blush ? 
Ans: Little Franz blushed because he was ashamed of not being able to answer to the questions of M. Hamel.


Q2. How did M Hamel wish to honour his last lessons ? 
Ans: M. Hamel wanted to honour his last class by providing the best knowledge of French language that he could.


Q3. Oh the wretches, who were the wretches ? 
Ans: Here the German people are regarded as wretches. Another word for wretches is Base persons.


Q4. What would Franz love to do on that day instead of going to school ? 
Ans: Instead of going to school. Franz would love to spend the whole day out of doors searching for birds egg.


The Last Lesson class 12 adittional questions answers

Q1. What news had been displayed on the bulletin for the last two years ? 
Ans: From the last two years all the bad mews about the war - lost of battle, the draft, the orders of the commanding officer has been displayed on the bulletin board.


Q2. Why was Franz surprised to see M Hamel when he went in late that morning ? 
Ans: That morning Franz was surprised because he was not scolded by M Hamel but he spoke very quietly asked him to take his seat.


Q3. Why did M Hamel not blame Franz alone his inability to learn ? 
Ans: M Hamel did not blame Franz alone for his inability to learn, because according to M Hamel their parents were not interested to send their children to school. And he himself was not quiet regular.


Q4. What did M Hamel say about the French language ? 
Ans: M Hamel said that French was the most beautiful language in the world. Which is the most logical and clearest language.


Q5. Why were the village elders present in the classroom on the day of the last lesson ? 
Ans: The village elders were present in the classroom on the day of the last lesson because they were sorry that they had not gone to school and also they came to pay respect and thanked M Hamel for his forty years of faithful service.


Q6. What according to M Hamel is the great fault of Alsace ? 
Ans: According to M Hamel the greatest fault with the Alsace is that she puts of learning till tomorrow. The people of Alsace think they have plenty of times for learning.


Q7. Why does not M Hamel want the people to forget French ? 
Ans: M Hamel wanted the people not to forget French because it was the most beautiful, clearest and logical language and as long as they hold fast to their language it would be like they had the key to the person.


Q8. Will they make them sing in German, even the pigeons ? What does this sentences suggest ? 
Ans: This sentence suggests that as German language has been imposed upon the people of Alsace and lorraine. They are no more allowed to learn their own language. But a language could not be learnt forcefully. Though the freedom Of learning a language on their own has been  taken away from the people, the German can never take away freedom of the birds of Alsace and Lorraine.


Q9. How did Franz's feeling about M Hamel and school change ? 
Ans: The last lesson on the French class made him realise to value his own language. He learnt to pay respect and full care to his own language  and to guard it from getting lost. The last words of his teacher were a kind of request. All these changes Franz's feeling towards M Hamel and the school.


Q10. What does Franz feel about his books, the French grammar and the history of France ? Why ? 
Ans: Franz feels that his books are his best and old friends now. He feels so because after listening carefully to the words of M Hamel in his last class, he started to like and respect M Hamel and value his studies. His views regarding his books and his teacher changed.


The he last lesson very short question answers

Q1. Who is the author of the story the last lesson ? 
Ans: The author of the story The last lesson is Alphonse Daudet.

Q2. What did M Hamel do when he wanted to go fishing ? 
Ans: M Hamel used to give holiday to his students when he wanted to go fishing.

Q3. What is the river mentioned in The Last Lesson ? 
Ans: The river mentioned in the last lesson is Saar.

Q4. What does the phrase Vive La France mean ?Ans: The phrase Vive La France mean long live France.

Q5. What did M Hamel say he would ask his students that morning ? 
Ans: M Hamel said that he would ask his students questions on the rules of participles.

Q6. What did Franz think for a moment ? 
Ans: For a moment Franz thought of running away and spend the day out of doors.

Q7. What is the name of the blacksmith ? 
Ans: The name of the blacksmith is Watcher.

Q8. What is a fish hook ? 
Ans: A fish hook is a kind of tool with the help of a fish could be caught.


The last lesson important question answers for board exam 2021

Q9. Why is the rule of participle described as dreadful by Franz ? 
Ans: The rule of Participle is described as dreadful by Franz because for him, they were too hard to remember.


Q10. What did M Hamel want to give his students before going away ? 
Ans: M Hamel wanted to give his students all that he knew before he leaves the school.

Or

M Hamel tried to put all the knowledge into his student's head at one stroke.


Q11. What did M Hamel write on the black board at the end of the class ? 
Ans: At the end of the class M Hamel wrote Vive La France.


Q12. Why was the lesson called the The Last Lesson ? 
Ans: M Hamel announced that as per the order that come from Berlin, German language had to be taught in the schools of Alsace and Lorraine and therefore, they are not going to learn French class anymore. German language would be taught by a new German teacher so the the lesson taught on that day was called the last lesson.


Q13. What was the commotion that Franz anticipated in the classroom ? 
Ans: That day Franz anticipated that there would be great hustle of opening and closing of desks. Lessons repeated in unison and the teacher's great ruler rapping on the table.


Q14. What was Franz expected to be prepare with for school that day ? 
Ans: That day Franz was expected to prepare a lesson on the rules of participle. His teacher M Hamel said he would ask them questions of participles.


Q15. Why did Franz want to spend his day out of doors ? 
Ans: Franz started for school very late that morning. His teacher told them he would ask them question on participle but Franz knew nothing about them and he feared of getting scolded by M Hamel. So he wanted to stay out of doors.


Q16. Why did M Hamel not blame Franz alone for his  inability to learn ? 
Ans: M Hamel did not blame Franz alone for his inability to learn. According to M Hamel their parents were not interested to send them to school and they also thought they have plenty of time to learn and M Hamel blammed himself as he was not quite regular. He used to give holiday when he wanted to go fishing or send them watering the plants.

Also read: 

The Last Lesson class12 long questions answers for board exam 2021

Q1. Why was it the last lesson ? How did Franz react to it ? 
Ans: On that day M. Hamel announced that as per the order from Berlin, German language had to be taught in the schools of Alsace and Lorraine. And therefore they are not going to have any more French lesson.

Franz was very upset with it. This announcement was like a thunderclap to him. He felt bad for not learning French. The French books which he thought to be nuisance and were much heavy to carry them, became his old friends.


Q2. What was the thing that surprised the narrator most ? Why was everybody sad ? 
Ans: The whole school was very calm and quiet. The everyday bustle was not there. Franz was even more surprised when he saw the village elders sitting at the back benches in the classroom. Everybody was sitting quietly and looked sad. Because they came to know that German would be taught in all schools of Alsace and there won't be any more French classes.


Q3. What message does the writer want to convey to the readers through The Last Lesson ? 
Ans: The writer of The Last lesson wants to convey a very remarkable message to his readers. Through his lesson, Alphonse Daudet expresses the pride in ones own language. Besides, he also tells us to have patriotic fellings for our own language. He also makes the readers aware that they must keep their culture and language alive at any cost, and that they should guard their language from getting lost.


Q4. Describe the unusual things that Franz noticed on the day of the last lesson ? 
Ans: On the day of the last lesson, Franz felt a sudden fascination for his own language which he did not like to learn all these while. Infact, M. Hamel's announcement that was his last French class, was almost like a thunderclap to him. His books which had seemed such a nuisance only a while ago, were like his old friends now. He even developed a likening towards his teacher that day. And most important, he noticed that the whole school was very quiet and calm. Franz was much surprised when he saw the village elders sitting at the back benches in the classroom. M Hamel had worn his beautiful cloths and his voice was gentle.


Q5. How did Franz's feelings about M Hamel and school change ? 
Ans: As it was his last French lesson that day, Franz was feeling very sorry for M Hamel. Though he knew that M Hamel had always been too much strict, suddenly his mind changed towards his school and his language. His teacher was going away. He would never see him again. He forgot all his previous notions about M Hamel, that he was strict and cranky. He even forgot all about his scoldings. His books that he thought to be nuisance and felt heavy to carry on, were his old friends now. All these changes caused emotional attachment and his feelings about M Hamel and school changed.


Q6. How did the people of Alsace pay their regards to M Hamel on his last day at school ? 
Ans: The people of Alsace were not very serious about their own language, but when they got to know that German was going to rule them and imposed their language over them. Suddenly they develop a new love for their own language. They come to pay their tribute to the French teacher and language. The village elderly people were sitting quietly like kids at the back benches. They came to take the last lesson from M Hamel. They tried to show their respect for their language which was theirs no more. They all kept quiet and listened to M. Hamel with full dedication.


Q7. Describe M Hamel's last day at school ? 
Ans: On the last day, M Hamel was wearing his fine sunday cloths that he used to wear only on the inspection and prize days only. His behaviour was kind and gentle to everyone. That day he did not scold Franz for being late for school and even did not use his iron ruler when Franz got mixed up while reciting the rules of participles. He gently announced about the order from Berlin. He was totally overwhelmed with emotions that day. He tried to give all his knowledge to his student.


Some FAQ

Q1. What did M Hamel teach in his last lesson ? 
Ans: On the day of the last lesson M Hamel taught grammar, history, gave lesson on writings and recitation and he shared his opinion on french language.

Q2. Is the last lesson a true story ? 
Ans: Yes this is a true event, this incident took place in Franch in the year 1870.

Q3. Why does M Hamel blame the parents ? 
Ans: M Hamel blamed the parents by saying they were not eager to send their children for learning, instead they preffered to send them to work in farm and earn money.
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